The Counsellor Minister of Talbahtai was headquartered at Yar (today’s Ujal in Kazakhstan, moved, in 1767, to Chuhuchu, today’s Tacheng City in Xinjiang) and administered the border area from Kenggertula at Ertix River westward to Karman Mountains (Karbin Mountains), then southwestward to Aigus River (Ayagus River), and then further to the eastern end of the northern bank of the Balkhash Lake. The Counsellor Minister of Ili was headquartered in Huiyuan City (within today’s Huocheng County, Xinjiang) and administered the border area from the eastern end of the northern bank of the Balkhash Lake westward to the Chui River (also known as the Chu River), then southeastward to the Talas River, and then southeastward to the Karabula Mountains and further to the Nalin River. The Counsellor Minister of Kashgar was headquartered in Laining City (today’s Sulek County, Xinjiang) and administered the border area from the Nalin River southward to the Gablan and Sutiblak Mountains (between Guliqa and Eshi), and then to the Alai Mountains, and further southward to the upper reach of the Penchi River in the south of the Pamirs. The Qing government formulated strict border patrol regime for the frontier areas in the west of Xinjiang, which provided that each counsellor minister sent a patrol troop of hundreds of people to meet at a designated point every fallâµ.
- Establishment of Military Offices
The highest decision-makers of the Qing government paid tremendous attention to the postunification administration in Xinjiang. Qianlong Emperor repeatedly asked his officials to employ a long-term perspective and make careful plans for Xinjiang from the height of treating “garrison defence in the northwest as the fundamental need of the state”. He said, “It is important to ensure lastingComo tomar el te verde stability in Ili after it becomes part of the nation; it is not good to lose it again”^3*. After serious discussions between the emperor and his ministers, Xinjiang policies were decided, which included installation of official posts politically, stationing of large troops militarily, and land development economically so as to make the border areas self-sustaining.
In October 1762 (the 27th year of Qianlong reign), the Qing court officially announced the installation of the General for Ili and Other Places in Xinjiang (abbreviated as Ili General). The imperial decree went as follows, “since Ili is the seat of the capital of Xinjiang where troops are now stationed and land is tilled, it is only natural to put a General there to take charge of all military affairs”å.The Ili General was the highest-ranking military and administrative officer representing the Qing central government in Xinjiang and took all responsibilities for the military and administrative affairs across Xinjiang from the headquarters in Huiyuan City